Vijayadashami – Date, History, Importance & Celebration

Vijayadashami is one of the Important festivals of Hindu culture. It is also known as Dusshera. It is celebrated all over India and World by Hindus. It is celebrated on the tenth day of Ashwin or Kartik month as per the Hindu Calendar. Dusshera is called by many different names and one of them is Vijayadashami. Every state calls it with a different name and it is celebrated with unique different ways everywhere. In the south, east, and northeast India, it is celebrated as Durga Puja as it is believed that on this day Goddess Durga defeated the buffalo demon or asur Mahaishasura. It is believed to be the path that Goddess Durga took to protect the dharma and restore it. Whereas in the states of north and west, this festival is celebrated as Dusshera. In these regions and states, it is believed to be the end of ten days of Ramlila and it is celebrated to honor Lord Ram’s victory over the demon king, Ravana.


Vijayadashami – Date, History, Importance & Celebration

It is also said that on the same day, Arjun alone and single-handedly saved the whole of the Kuru clan which included the warriors Bhishma Pitama, Drona, Ashwathama, and Karna. 

No matter what it is called with, it is celebrated only to honor the victory of good (dharma) over evil (adharma). This reason is the common reason behind the stories of Vijayadashami. 

Since people are different and they call this day with different names, therefore they celebrate it in different ways across the nation. In western and northern states, it is celebrated to honor the teachings of Lord Rama. People conduct Ramlila which includes dance, drama, theater plays, and music based on the stories and tales described by Ramcharitramanas. These Ramlilas are performed at melas or fairs. Large statues of Ravana (King of Lanka), Kumbhkaran (brother of Ravana), and Meghanath (Son of Ravana) are burnt which signifies the victory of good over evil and restoration and protection of Dharma. However, It is interesting to know that this practice of burning the statues of Ravana, Kumbhkaran, and Meghanath was declared as one of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” by the UNSECO in the year 2008. 

Vijayadashami date

Vijayadashami date 2019: October 8

Vijayadashami date 2020: October 25

Vijayadashami date 2022: October 15

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The festival is also Vijayadashami at some places, many call it as Dusshera or Ram Navami and Durga Puja. But the main motive behind celebrating this festival is to celebrate the victory of good over evil. It also marks the new beginnings and end of negativity and evil. But it is important to know that we should not just burn the statues of evil but also kill the evil inside us.

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