Shivaji Jayanti in India – Date, History, Importance

Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated on February 19 every year. It is the birth anniversary of the great emperor Shivaji Maharaj. He was born on February 19, 1627, in Shivneri Fort which is 60 km north of Pune.Shivaji Jayanti in India - Date, History, Importance

When is Shivaji Jayanti celebrated? | Shivaji Jayanti Date

Date facts:

Shivaji Jayanti 2019 Date: February 19 (Tuesday)

Shivaji Jayanti 2020 Date: February 19 (Wednesday)

Shivaji Jayanti 2021 Date: February 19 (Friday)

A brief history:

Chhatrapati Shivaji is considered as one of the most courageous rulers of India who was accountable for standing up against Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor and establishing the Maratha kingdom. Shivaji was well-known for his wit, a quality that helped him defeat the Mughals in many wars. He was the first Indian ruler who is said to have initiated the idea of “naval force” to protect the Konkan side of Maharashtra. He believed in quality and employed many Muslim soldiers in his troop.

Shivaji’s father was named as Shahaji Bhosle. He had no authority to take charge of any forts. Shivaji was motivated by his father martial tactics and diplomacy as the chief of the kingdom of Bijapur. He also acquired proficiency in Hindu and Sanskrit scriptures.  At the early age of 16, he captured the Toma fort and by the time he was 17, he seized the Kondana and Rajgad forts. Shivaji rebelled against the Adil Shahi dynasty and the Mughals to establish the formidable Maratha kingdom.

The Marathas started ruling a large part of India and Shivaji continued to be recalled as one of the great personalities and constructive geniuses of medieval India. He was given the title of Chhatrapati in 1674. It is a title of great significance, and a few men have been crowned with this title. Even after his death in the year 1680, he continued to motivate soldiers who followed his lineage. Mumbai’s prime railway station and the International terminal are both named after him. He is an idol for many people in Maharashtra. That is why Shivaji Jayanti is commemorated on such an enormous scale in Maharashtra. He solidified the foundation of the Hindu empire which survived for over two centuries. Shivaji has been a source of pride and motivation for eras. He was well known for his bravery and wit.

How is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti celebrated?

It’s a state holiday in Maharashtra. Nearly all the colleges, schools, and offices remain closed to commemorate Shivaji’s birthday. Various parades are taken out where people are seen attired as Shivaji and his associates. The day is celebrated as the day of honour and pride for the people of Maharashtra. Apart from Maharashtra, Shivaji’s birthday is celebrated every year in Karnataka and Goa. Dramas and plays illustrating the life of Shivaji are performed in several places.

Well-known government officers give various speeches reminding his significance on this day, and the politicians honour Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj by visiting the Shivneri fort. People carry out ceremonies and poojas in remembrance of Shivaji Maharaj and adorn his idols with garlands. It’s a day when his devoted followers remember him and commemorate the life of one of the most incredible warriors and leaders of India.

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