Diwali is celebrated all across the Hindus and India but in the Northern India, Naraka Chaturdashi is celebrated as choti diwali and in the Southern India, it is the main day of Diwali. However, it is celebrated with same enthusiasm and style with lighting diyas, candles, lights, bursting crackers and distributing sweets, however it is celebrated on different days in the northern and southern India.
Naraka Chaturdashi – Date, History, Importance & Celebration
Naraka Chaturdashi date in 2020: 14 November, Saturday 2020
Naraka Chaturdashi date in 2021: 04 November, Thursday 2021
Naraka Chaturdashi date in 2022: 24 October, Monday 2022
In both the regions, it is celebrated due to same reason, the victory of good over evil. But digging deep, in the North India, it is celebrated to honor the return of Lord Rama to his kingdom Ayodhya after the exile with his wife Sita and in the south India, it is celebrated to honor the victory of Goddess Shakti over the asur Narakasura. The south Indian states include the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. However, it is said that in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the day of Diwali is celebrated with Lakshmi Pujan.
It is said that Narakasura was a very cruel King and defeated and imprisoned all the Gods and around sixteen thousand girls. He did this as he had a vardaan that only a woman can kill him. The King of Gods, Indradev went to Lord Krishna and requested him to help him. As Lord Krishna knew about the vardaan, he took his wife Satyabhama (the incarnation of Bhumi Devi) with him, as she was the only one who could kill him. Satyabhama agreed and they went to the battlefield.
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Narakasura placed huge mountain on the entrance of the battlefield. Lord Krishna shattered the mountain and made way for him and Satyabhama to enter Narakasura’s palace. There were many more barriers placed by Narakasura to stop Lord Krishna to enter but none of them were a challenge to Lord Krishna. Narakasura also placed his one of the strongest demon named Mura as a final challenge for Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna fought with Mura but when none of the weapons worked on Mura as he had a vardaan of mortality. So, Lord Krishna finally used his last and most powerful weapon Sudarshan Chakra and cut off his head and killed him.