Haryana is a state in North India. It is one of the states of 29 states in India. It is said that Haryana was made out of the former state of the East Punjab on November 1st, 1996. It was carved on a linguistic basis. The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh and according to the stats, the highest populous city of Haryana is Faridabad. Haryana will celebrate its 54th year of being a state on November 1st, 2020.
Haryana Day – Date, History, Importance & Celebration
Generally, the state government organizes several events to honor this day and to make it a public holiday. Haryana is known to be the most economically developed region. It is known to be the land of Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, the land of valor.
Many events are organized by the government to honor the glorious history, rich art, culture, heritage of the state. Many rallies and events are conducted in Chandigarh and Panchkula. This day also marks the interesting Pakwan Pratiyogita, the food festival at many tourist complexes. The government so organizes Blood Donation Camps and many other fun activities and events. Many state and building complexes organize beautiful cheerful musical events and functions. Several contests and competitions are organized to increase the celebration and fun of Haryana Day.
Haryana stands on 21st in terms of the land area among the 29 states in India. The First Chief Minister of India was Bhagwat Dayal Sharma. As per the census, it is the 18th most populous state of India. It is bordered by the states Punjab in the North, Himachal Pradesh in the west, and by Rajasthan in the west. However, the eastern border is covered by the Yamuna river and Uttar Pradesh. Delhi is covered by Haryana as it covers Delhi’s border by the northern, western, and southern sides. However, a huge part of South Haryana lies in the Delhi NCR region.
Haryana is divided into four regions: Rohtak, Ambala, Hisar, and Gurgaon. It consists of 21 districts, 62 sub-divisions, 83 tehsils, 126 blocks, and about 47 sub-tehsils. The Haryana state has 154 cities and towns and around 6841 villages.
Haryana has a literacy rate of 76.64% as per the 2011 census where the male literacy rate is 85.38% and the female literacy rate is 66.57%. The fertility rate in Haryana is 2.3 whereas the infant mortality rate is 41.
Haryana has also marked its presence in sports and gave some of the best sportsmen like Sushil Kumar, Yogeshwar Dutt, Sakshi Malik, Geeta Phogat, and many more.