Guru Nanak Jayanti is one the most important and prominent festivals of Sikhism. Ut is celebrated to honor and pay respects to the first guru of Sikhs i.e. Guru Nanak Devji. Guru Nanak is considered to be the first ever Sikh leader of Sikhism. He established Sikhism and plays a very important role in making and shaping of the Sikh community.
Guru Nanak Jayanti – Date, History, Significance & Celebration
As per the Hindu calendar, birth anniversary of Guru Nanak falls on the full moon day of the month of Kartik. This day is also known as by the names Gurpurab and Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav. It is a very prominent and one of main and important festivals of Sikhism. It is celebrated to honor the first Sikh Guru of the Sikh community. This day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and huge devotion and reverence. This is celebrated on the fifteen day of Kartik month as per the Hindu calendar and it generally marks its place in the months of October and November according to the Gregorian calendar.
Guru Nanak Jayanti in 2019: November 12
Guru Nanak Jayanti in 2020: November 30
Guru Nanak Jayanti in 2021: November 19
More than 550 years people have spent celebrating Guru Nanak every year. It is believed that in the year 1469, on April 15th, Guru Nanak Dev Ji took birth at Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi, nearby Lahore. This place is now called as the Sekhpura district of Pakistan. After his demise, a Gurudwara was built on his birth place and the current city is known as Nankana Sahib and is situated in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Many people consider Guru Nanak Dev ji as a spiritual teacher who established Sikhism at that time in 15th century. He wrote Guru Granth Sahib and wrote 974 hymns in it.
Many people follow the teachings of Guru Granth Sahib. It teaches us that the creator of universe is one. Guru Nanak Dev ji taught us that we should give selfless service to the humanity. He taught us that everyone should get justice irrespective of the gender, caste, religion, or any other demographic differences. It is interesting to know that Sikhism is against the concept of reincarnation and messengers.
Celebrations of Nanak Jayanti starts two days before the main day. A non-stop recitation of Guru Granth Sahib for 48-hours is conducted which is also known as Akhand Path. A day before the main day of Guru Nanak Jayanti, a Nagar kirtan is held which led by five men, who are referred to as Panj Pyare. They hold the Sikh’s triangular flag, Nishan Sahib.