Chhat Puja is an important festival celebrated mostly by the North Indian side of India especially in Bihar. It is also celebrated in some regions of Uttar Pradesh and Nepal. Chhat Puja starts on the sixth day of the month of Kartik. Chhat Puja is a very famous and important festival of Hindus.
Chhat Puja – Date, History, Significance & Celebration
Chhat Puja is performed to worship Sun God and his wife Usha. People thank God and Earth for supporting our life and seek blessings from Sun God and his wife Usha. As per the Hindu religion, it is said that sun heals all the health problems and mental problems. Sun is considered to be the ultimate God who cures us and gives us food. Sun is associated with progress, positivity, prosperity and well-being.
Date 2019: October 30
Date 2020: November 20
Date 2021: November 10
However, third day of Chhat Puja is considered to be the most important of the all days of the festival. The celebrations of Chhat Puja last for 4 days. People celebrate this festival for four days long. They celebrate this festival with huge enthusiasm and determination. They offer offerings, bhog and prayers to Sun God. They bathe in the holy water and meditate standing outside the water they bathed in. It is a very festival among the people of Bihar and it is celebrated all across India. Including Bihar, it is celebrated in many states like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Bangalore, Chhatisgarh, Gujarat and some regions of Nepal. Many people celebrate Chhat after the festival of Holi, but Chhat celebrated in the month of Kartik holds much more significance than the oy after Holi. People who live away from their hometowns in cities travel back to their hometowns to celebrate Chhat Puja with their families.
Chhat Puja is a festival associated with Purity, devotion towards Sun and giving them offerings to the Sun God. Sun God is worshipped during this festival. There are many stories related to the festival of Hindu mythology. Digging deep, it is said that Lord Rama is associated with the festival of Chhat. It is believed that when Lord Rama and his wife Sita came back from their exile. They observed a fast in order to honor the Sun God and they broke their fast with the setting Sun. Hence from then Chhat Puja is celebrated with huge fun and enthusiasm.
It is also believed that in Mahabharata, the character Karna was considered to be the son of Sun God and Kunti. It is believed that Karna offer prayers to Sun God only by standing in the water.
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Chhat is a four-day festival which includes four days festivities i.e. Nahay Khay, Lohanda or Kharna, Sandhya Arghya and Bihaniya Arghya.